Explore Laguna De Apoyo
The crater of Apoyo was formed approximately 23,000 years ago, after a strong volcanic explosion which left a hole measuring six kilometres in diameter. Time went by and subterranean waters and rain filled the crater and the slopes became covered by vegetation. Today this crater is considered to be a sleeping volcano, in repose, with certain volcanic activity still present through a few hot springs in its interior.
The Apoyo lagoon has a surface of 2,110 hectares. It is very deep: according to investigations the lowest level of the conic hole is 100 meters underneath the sea level and the shore of the lagoon is 75 meters above sea level. The water is the most crystal-clear out of all fresh water bodies in Nicaragua and possibly in Central America. Even though it is not fit for direct human consumption, it is very clean, with a low level of natural or human contamination.
In 1991 the Lagoon was declared as Natural Reserve (Reserva Natural Laguna de Apoyo). Which helped in the pursue of good conservation of the existing ecosystems. The lagoon and the slopes are an important habitat for a variety of species of tropical flora and fauna. There are also some endemic species: species which are not found in any other part of the world except here.
The reserve houses a tropical dry ecosystem which is confirmed by the varieties of flora and fauna in the area. During the dry season, without any rain, from December to April, the vegetation of Apoyo diminishes its foliage and greenery, even though there are a lot of flowers and fruits eaten by local animals and migratory birds on their way north. The rainy season, from May to November is characterized by the incredible vegetation growth; and at the same time, it is a period of nesting for various animal species.
The forests of Apoyo have numerous species of plants and tropical dry trees, such as pochote, black rosewood, mahogany, marmalade plum and guacuco. Another interesting aspect is the large variety of beautiful orchids in the reserve.
The fauna of Apoyo is interesting and diverse as well. There are mammals such as Opossums, Giant Anteaters, Pacas, Jaguarundis, Howler Monkeys, White Headed Capuchins and others. As part of the variety of reptiles there are green iguanas and common boas. Birds are abundant: there are Oropendolas, Falcons, Hummingbirds, and some 65 species of migratory birds. There are also various species of butterflies and molluscs. The water of the lagoon is home of various species of fish. Even though the diversity is not that big, there are four species of mojarras, which are to be found exclusively in the lagoon.
Hiking through the forest of Apoyo can be very interesting. Even though the majority of wild animals are not easily seen, during the hikes it is possible to see some interesting species. The Howler Monkeys are moving constantly from place to place and it is possible to hear or see them in the forest. There are a couple of hike options from Apoyo Lodge and we will be happy to provide information for our guests to do a self-guided hike.
This information has been partially taken from Vianica.com